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  The Great Lakes
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Great Lakes Basin

What's New
Formidable invasive species won't be easy to keep out of Great Lakes (Part 2 of 4)
Milwaukee Journal Sentinel (7/28)
Ballast water, used to steady less-than-full ships on the high seas, has been blamed for moving all manner of species around the globe -- including into the Great Lakes. Is there a better way to keep invasive species out of the lakes?

How invasive species changed the Great Lakes forever (Part 1 of 4)
Milwaukee Journal Sentinel (7/27)
June 1, 1988 was the day everything changed for the Great Lakes. It was the day researchers from the University of Windsor first discovered zebra mussels in the bottom of Lake St. Clair.

Up to $4.5M in grants available to improve Great Lakes water
WBNS-10TV - Columbus, OH (7/27)
Grants totaling up to $4.5 million to improve Great Lakes water quality are available to cities on the lakes' shorelines.

Northern Michigan fish hatchery important service to Great Lakes
Gaylord Herald Times (7/24)
The Jordan River hatchery is one hatchery responsible for stocking the Great Lakes with lake trout. The hatchery raises three million lake trout per year, approximately 150,000 pounds.

Michigan officials tell Enbridge to install more support anchors beneath Great Lakes oil pipes
Associated Press (7/24)
Two oil pipelines at the bottom of the waterway linking lakes Huron and Michigan will get additional support structures to help prevent potentially devastating spills.

COMMENTARY: Asian carp swim through federal court on their way to Great Lakes
The Plain Dealer (7/20)
Cleveland newspaper editorial board calls for Congress to enact legislation ordering the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers to implement the hydrological separation of the Mississippi River and Great Lakes basins.

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The Great Lakes -- Superior, Michigan, Huron, Erie and Ontario -- and their connecting channels form the largest fresh surface water system on earth. If you stood on the moon, you could see the lakes and recognize the familiar wolf head shape of Lake Superior, or the mitten bounded by lakes Michigan, Huron and Erie. Covering more than 94,000 square miles and draining more than twice as much land, these Freshwater Seas hold an estimated 6 quadrillion gallons of water, about one-fifth of the world's fresh surface water supply and nine-tenths of the U.S. supply. Spread evenly across the contiguous 48 states, the lakes' water would be about 9.5 feet deep.
The channels that connect the Great Lakes are an important part of the system. The St. Marys River is the northernmost of these, a 60-mile waterway flowing from Lake Superior down to Lake Huron. At the St. Marys rapids, the Soo Locks bypass the rough waters, providing safe transport for ships. The St. Clair and Detroit rivers, and Lake St. Clair between them, form an 89-mile long channel connecting Lake Huron with Lake Erie. The 35-mile Niagara River links lakes Erie and Ontario, and sends approximately 50,000 to 100,000 cubic feet of water per second over Niagara Falls; the manmade Welland Canal also links the two lakes, providing a detour around the falls. From Lake Ontario, the water from the Great Lakes flows through the St. Lawrence River all the way to the Atlantic Ocean, about 1,000 miles away.
This system greatly affects our way of life, as well as all aspects of the natural environment, from weather and climate, to wildlife and habitat. Yet for all their size and power, the Great Lakes are fragile. In the past, this fragile nature wasn't recognized, and the lakes were mistreated for economic gain, placing the ecosystem under tremendous stress from our activities. Today, we understand that our health and our children's inheritance depend on our collective efforts to wisely manage our complex ecosystem.

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General Resources
TEACH Great Lakes: Introduction
What and where are the Great Lakes? This basic tutorial brings the lakes alive through an array of facts, maps and photos.

Biodiversity Portrait of the St. Lawrence
Green Lane, Environment Canada
Presents the current knowledge base of the river's ecological and biological diversity in atlas form.

Great Lakes Atlas
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
This Environmental Atlas and Resource Book is an excellent resource on the Great Lakes, including physical characteristics, natural processes, people, concerns, joint management and new directions (mirrored on Environment Canada's site).

Great Lakes Basin Ecosystem Team
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Check out this USFWS site for information on Great Lakes facts, invasive species, GIS research, education and much more!

Great Lakes Sea Grant Network
A network of Sea Grant colleges and programs working in partnership with government and the private sector to meet the changing needs of Americans living in the Great Lakes region.

Great Lakes Surface Environmental Analysis
NOAA, Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory (GLERL)
A map using NOAA satellite data to show recent water temperatures of the Great Lakes.

Office of the Great Lakes Activity Report
State of Michigan Department of Environmental Quality
The Office of the Great Lakes produces a monthly electronic Activity Report highlighting events, activities, and updates on the status of programs and issues affecting environmental protection, natural resource management, transportation, and recreation on the Great Lakes.

The Great Lakes Program
University at Buffalo
The mission of the Great Lakes Program (GLP) is to coordinate the development, evaluation and synthesis of scientific and technical knowledge on the Great Lakes Ecosystem in support of public education and policy formation.

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Current Research Projects
Michigan Sea Grant

Final Report on the Protection of the Waters of the Great Lakes
International Joint Commission
This report provides a blueprint for protecting the waters of the Great Lakes Basin from the potential impacts of water removals and consumptive uses.

Great Lakes GIS
Great Lakes Fishery Commission
The Great Lakes GIS Project proposes to provide comprehensive GIS projects for each Great Lake and the entire Great Lakes basin and provide recommendations for long-term distribution and maintenance of GIS-based data.

Great Lakes Institute for Environmental Research
University of Windsor
The Great Lakes Institute for Environmental Research (GLIER) is a consortium of researchers at the University of Windsor. Established in 1981, the institute's research is directed toward the understanding, restoration, rehabilitation and protection of strategic ecological systems in the Great Lakes region.

Great Lakes Science Center
U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)
The U.S. Geological Survey's Great Lakes Science Center was founded in 1927 and continues to provide scientific information for the sound management of Great Lakes fish populations and other important natural resources in the basin.

Great Lakes St. Lawrence Seaway Study
The Canadian and U.S. governments are conducting a joint study to evaluate the infrastructure needs of the Great Lakes St. Lawrence Seaway system, specifically the engineering, economic and environmental implications of those needs as they pertain to the marine transportation infrastructure on which commercial navigation depends.

Great Lakes-St. Lawrence Research Inventory
International Joint Commission
An Internet-based, searchable database created as a tool to collect and disseminate information on research programs relevant to the Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement.

National Water Research Institute (NWRI)
Environment Canada / Environnement Canada
NWRI, Canada's largest freshwater research establishment, conducts a comprehensive program of research and development in the aquatic sciences, in partnership with the Canadian and international science communities. NWRI research provides a sound basis for actions to sustain our natural resources and freshwater ecosystems.

NOAA Center of Excellence for Great Lakes and Human Health
NOAA's Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory
The NOAA Center of Excellence for Great Lakes and Human Health (CEGLHH) is a multi-disciplinary research center which will focus on understanding the inter-relationships between the Great Lakes ecosystem, water quality and human health.

Read and share Great Lakes research findings
International Association for Great Lakes Research (IAGLR)
New resources to promote Great Lakes research.

Tenth Biennial Report of Great Lakes Water Quality
International Joint Commission
Released in July 2000, this report discusses the current threats to the Great Lakes ecosystem, such as contaminated sportsfish, air toxics, and urbanization, and concludes with actions that the U.S. and Canadian governments must take in order to comply with the Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement of 1978.

The Biosphère
Environment Canada
Opened in 1995 as the only museum of water in America dedicated to the St. Lawrence River and the Great Lakes, the Biosphère heightens public awareness of water's importance and the necessity to protect it.

The Great Lakes Geographer
University of Western Ontario, Geography Department
Since 1967, this peer-reviewed journal has acted as a forum for publishing research about the science and biology of the Great Lakes and related social and economic issues. View the current issue online!

The Large Lakes Observatory
University of Minnesota - Duluth
Located on the Duluth Campus of the university of Minnesota, the Large Lakes Observatory (LLO) is the only institute in the country dedicated to the study of large lakes world wide. The LLO focuses on the global implications of investigation in the areas of aquatic chemistry, circulation dynamics, geochemistry, acoustic remote sensing, plankton dynamics, sedimentology and paleoclimatology.

Upper Lakes Environmental Research Network (ULERN)
A unique coalition of researchers, resource managers and educators in natural resources and environmental fields, ULERN facilitates collaborative aquatic, terrestrial and atmospheric research throughout the upper Great Lakes basin.

Water on the Web
University of Minnesota/ National Science Foundation (NSF)
Water on the Web (WOW) offers unique opportunities for high school and first year college students to learn basic science through hands-on science activities, in the lab and in the field, and by working with state-of-the-art technologies accessible through a free web site.

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Updated: July 29, 2014
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